Definition of the archipelago. Etymologically, the word “archipelago” is composed of two words, “homeland” and “between”. If peeled from the word for word, the word “homeland” in Sanskrit means the island or archipelago. Meanwhile, in Latin, the word “homeland” is derived from the words of Martin Bernal nesos which can mean the peninsula, even a nation. Bernal was referring to the statement; the word “homeland” also has a common sense of the word nation in English that means the nation. From this it can be concluded that the word “homeland” can have two meanings, namely the islands and the nation.
The second word is “between” has parallels in the Latin language, in and terra meaning between or within a group. “Between” also has the same meaning as in English the word inter meaning between (between) and relationships. While in Sanskrit, the word “between” can be interpreted as the sea, across, or outside (as in the Pledge of meaning Patih Palapa at Gadjah Mada of the Majapahit Kingdom). From this it can be concluded that the word “between” has meaning, that is between (among), relationships, across, and the sea.
From the explanation above, the incorporation of the word “homeland” and “between” being the word “archipelago” can be interpreted as the islands are separated by the sea or the nations which are separated by the sea. The meaning of the first statement can refer to the entire region of the world. The second statement can also be developed again, the word “archipelago” has similarities with the word “international” (international) which, when peeled from the word for word into inter or between or sea and the nation or the nation. So the word “international” (international) can be meaningfully separate nations by sea or could also mean the relation between the nations of the world.
At the beginning of the 20th century, the notion of “archipelago” shift in the meaning that is understood as the name of a region which is a continuation of the name of the Dutch East Indies. The name of those regions later known as Indonesia. Understanding at the beginning of the 20th century is then used as a reference for the Republic of Indonesia to refer to the unity that stretches from Sabang to Merauke as the “archipelago”. This is a geopolitical understanding that comes from the Kingdom of Majapahit and later used as a reference by the Republic of Indonesia to refer to parts of Indonesia.
A conclusion about the “archipelago” also applies to the whole kingdom / empire that ever existed or still exist today around the world. Kingdom / empire around the world are said to be the kingdom of the archipelago. It rests on a geographical boundary in which the entire land (islands) are separated by the sea, including in terms of the archipelago, so the kingdom of the archipelago have the same meaning to the kingdoms of the world.